Buffalo Traffic Accidents 1923-25


c. 1923 Buick Touring Car
Around 1915, automobile manufacturers had ceased advertising their vehicles as reliable transportation and had switched to
selling the romance and adventure of driving oneself wherever one's heart might desire (see ad). With a Model T costing only $290,
and nearly three-fourths of auto purchasers buying on the installment plan, the number of motor vehicles on the roads increased to
13 million in 1923 (up from 2 million in 1915). And, in 1923, 3.7 million cars were produced in the U.S. alone. Obtaining a driver's
license was nearly as easy as obtaining a fishing license and all manner of unqualified and incapable drivers were speeding along
the roads. And the lack of mandatory annual automobile inspections left many mechanically dangerous vehicles as
roving accidents waiting to happen. By the 1920's, automobile accident rates in the United States had reached unmanageable
numbers (see table below).


Ford Truck (see intact model here)
Legislatures were becoming increasingly concerned about the number of fatalities and disabling injuries occuring on their states'
roads, and began forming committees and research groups to get a broad view of the financial losses accompanying automobile
accidents which crippled families because insurance of any kind was optional. The investigations into the prevention of accidents
focused on driver responsibity, speed, highway construction, lack of uniform traffic laws, lax license issuance, poor or no
mandatory vehicle inspection, railroad crossings, and the lack of severe penalities for at-fault drivers.


c. 1923 Ford Touring Car (see intact model here)
But no legislative body targeted automobile construction as a possible cause of motor vehicle deaths. And yet, in the mid-1920's
when these accidents occured in Buffalo, automobiles had no turn signals, backup lights, brake lights, safety window glass, or
seat belts. Most problematically, vehicle chassis construction was the same as it had been for horse-drawn wagons: a wood
frame to which steel or aluminum body panels were bolted. The accident above, on April 27, 1924, killed all 4 men in the car.
Three were fathers and, without compulsory insurance, the fate of the working-class families with a combined 11 children
was likely that of complete destitution. To read the Buffalo Evening News article describing the accident, look here.

Automobile Accident Statistics
1930
2000
U.S. Population
122,800,000
274,633,905
Killed Per Day
110
114.5
Total Injured
1,000,000
3,189,000
Percent of all Accidental Deaths
29%
48.5%
Registered Vehicles
(1929) 26,700,000
221,300,000
     
New York State Statistics    
Population
12,588,066
19,190,115
Acccidents
92,276
331,979
Fatalities
2,984
1,554

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